Food & Nutrition Security

A key goal of the food system is to deliver food and nutrition security for all. These outcomes in turn influence the food system drivers. Food production has increased globally faster than population growth, and while food security has improved overall, there is still significant proportions of the population impacted by food insecurity.

In this section we present selected date on global food and nutrition security.

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Food Availibility per capita

Food availability per capita has been on the increase globally. Although this is directly a result of food system activities, it is important to understand the distribution, nutritional impact, and the nutritional quality of this increase of food.

Source: FAOSTAT

Land Threats

While global food security is not dependent on an increase of food production (if sustainable practices are adopted), some areas in the world are experiencing a decline in production.

Source: Bendjebbar Pauline, Bricas Nicolas, Giordano Thierry, 2019. Food systems at risk. A scientific handout for the High Level Event of the Global Network against Food Crises: Food & Agriculture in times of crisis, Brussels, 2-3 April 2019. 48 p.

Malnutrition

An increased demand for cheap and empty calories is resulting in a serious nutritional problems globally. LICs and LMICs face a triple burden of nutrition, with Africa being the most affected.

Source: Bendjebbar Pauline, Bricas Nicolas, Giordano Thierry, 2019. Food systems at risk. A scientific handout for the High Level Event of the Global Network against Food Crises: Food & Agriculture in times of crisis, Brussels, 2-3 April 2019. 48 p.

Foodborne Diseases

Despite an improvement in quantities of food available for people, food safety remains an issue for much fo the world. A lack of food safety has significant implications for ensuring food security.

Source: Bendjebbar Pauline, Bricas Nicolas, Giordano Thierry, 2019. Food systems at risk. A scientific handout for the High Level Event of the Global Network against Food Crises: Food & Agriculture in times of crisis, Brussels, 2-3 April 2019. 48 p.

Displacement by Conflict

Conflicts and natural disasters severely impact food and nutritional security because of imbalanced and disrupted food systems, high pressure on resources and political insecurity.

Source: Bendjebbar Pauline, Bricas Nicolas, Giordano Thierry, 2019. Food systems at risk. A scientific handout for the High Level Event of the Global Network against Food Crises: Food & Agriculture in times of crisis, Brussels, 2-3 April 2019. 48 p.

Risk Distribution

The global distribution of risks associated with agri-food production systems disproportionately affects countries with high population, income inequality, and increased pressures from climate change, and have more vulnerable food systems.


Source: Bendjebbar Pauline, Bricas Nicolas, Giordano Thierry, 2019. Food systems at risk. A scientific handout for the High Level Event of the Global Network against Food Crises: Food & Agriculture in times of crisis, Brussels, 2-3 April 2019. 48 p.